Coal Exploration and Mining - Encyclopedia of Life Support ...

UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS COAL, OIL SHALE, NATURAL BITUMEN, HEAVY OIL AND PEAT – Vol. I-Coal Exploration and Mining - Lixun Kang ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) 1.3.2 Field mapping techniques Geological mapping is a necessary starting point for the fieldwork of coal exploration.

Coal mining | Article about coal mining by The Free Dictionary

Find out information about coal mining. physical extraction of coal resources to yield coal; also, the business of exploring for, developing, mining, and transporting coal in any form. Explanation of coal mining. Coal mining | Article about coal mining by The Free Dictionary. ... Encyclopedia browser? ...

Coal - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coal-fired power stations produce 37% of the world's electricity. Compared to other non-renewable sources of energy, coal is non-efficient and produces high amounts of greenhouse gases. Yet, coal is commonly found and cheap but the more mining of coal has made finding coal harder by time. Industry

Coal mining : Wikis (The Full Wiki)

The goal of coal mining is to economically remove coal from the ground. Coal is valued for its energy content, and since the 1880s is widely used to generate electricity. Steel and cement industries use coal as a fuel for extraction of iron from iron ore and for cement production. In the United States, United Kingdom, and South Africa, a coal mine and its structures are a "colliery".

coal mining | Infoplease

coal mining, physical extraction of coal resources to yield coal; also, the business of exploring for, developing, mining, and transporting coal in any form. Strip mining is the process in which the overburden (earth and rock material overlying the coal) is removed to expose a coal seam or coal bed.

Coal mining - Wikipedia

Coal mining is the process of getting coal out of the ground. It is part of the mining industry. Coal is used as a resource for making electricity. Extraction. Surface mining is done when the coal is near the surface. Coal miners remove the soil above the coal. The coal can then be removed without the coal miners having to go deep underground..

Coal | Encyclopedia of Greater Philadelphia

Although coal mining can be a profitable business, it can also be costly and dangerous. Miners are often subjected to injury, "black lung" and other harmful effects caused by breathing coal dust, mine collapses, and the possibility of death. Coal mining can also having a drastic impact on communities with mines.

Encyclopedia Coal Mining - nnguniclub.co.za

Coal mining - encyclopedia article - Citizendium. Coal mining is a term that encompasses the various methods used to extract the carbon-containing rock called coal from the ground. Coal tends to exist in seams, which are lateral layers under the earth that may vary in depth from one or two feet to dozens of feet.. Coal mining methods.

Coal Mining - Encyclopedia of Chicago

Coal mining in the Braidwood during the twentieth century never approached the peaks it had reached in the 1870s and 1880s, but there was a small revival starting in the 1920s made possible by strip-mining.

Coal | Encyclopedia.com

Coal mining companies are required to submit detailed reports of mining plans to ensure minimal destruction of the environment. In 1986 the U.S. government and private industry began working together through the Clean Coal Technology Program to find cleaner, more efficient methods of mining coal and using its energy. BIBLIOGRAPHY

Mining Industry of Canada - Quebec History

Difficulties with coal-mining at Fort Rupert led to the opening of coal-mines at Nanaimo and to the export of coal to California in 1853. Prospectors movednorthward from the crowded gold-fields and discovered placer gold on the bars of the Fraser river, thus precipitating the rush of 1858. ... The Encyclopedia of Canada, Vol. IV, Toronto ...

Coal mining | Britannica.com

Coal mining: Coal mining, extraction of coal deposits from the surface of Earth and from underground. Coal is the most abundant fossil fuel on Earth. Its predominant use has always been for producing heat energy. It was the basic energy source that fueled the Industrial Revolution of the 18th and 19th

Coal-Mining Disasters | The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma ...

The worst mining disaster during the Indian Territory period occurred in Krebs on January 7, 1892. At the Osage Coal and Mining Company's Mine Number Eleven a "windy shot" set off an explosion that quickly swept through the entire mine, killing one hundred men and injuring another two hundred.

e-WV | The West Virginia Encyclopedia

for miners and the mining of thinner coal seams. Mining machines cut … lung compensation. Additionally, in 2016 the Mining Safety and Health Administration's … Mother Blizzard … early life on the family farm and witnessed the advent of coal mining in southern West Virginia following …

e-WV | Coal Mine Mechanization - Encyclopedia

 · Mechanization of West Virginia's coal mines took place gradually throughout the first half of the 20th century. Traditionally, coal mining involved the distinct steps of undercutting the seam, then drilling and blasting the undercut coal into manageable pieces, and finally loading and hauling the coal to the surface. The complexity of these tasks and the tight spaces encountered underground ...

Coal mining - encyclopedia article - Citizendium

Coal mining is a term that encompasses the various methods used to extract the carbon-containing rock called coal from the ground. Coal tends to exist in seams, which are lateral layers under the earth that may vary in depth from one or two feet to dozens of feet. Coal mining methods. Mining of coal seams is achieved in several different ways.

Bonanza Race War of 1904 - Encyclopedia of Arkansas

The Bonanza Race War of 1904 was a race riot/labor war that occurred in the coal-mining city of Bonanza (Sebastian County) and resulted in the expulsion of African Americans from the city following several days of violence. The event is indicative of a general antipathy toward black labor in the coal mines of western Arkansas, and, by the end of the decade, African Americans could reportedly ...

4. – Coal and coal mining – Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand

The first state mine was at Seddonville in Buller. The state's Point Elizabeth mine, established near Rūnanga in 1904, revived mining in the Grey River valley. By 1914 the area was producing a quarter of the country's coal, and the West Coast, in all, contributed three-fifths. Waikato fields

Coal Mining | The Canadian Encyclopedia

 · A carbonaceous fossil fuel, coal has a long history as the key energy source in the transition to industrialization, beginning in 17th-century Europe. In Canada, the history of commercial coal mining dates back nearly three centuries. Coal provided a critical energy source for early industrialization, generating steam power and coke (i.e., a manufactured, high-carbon derivative of coal …

Coal Mining - Encyclopedia of Chicago

Coal mining in the Braidwood during the twentieth century never approached the peaks it had reached in the 1870s and 1880s, but there was a small revival starting in the 1920s made possible by strip-mining.

Coal | The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture

The MK&T controlled the two largest mining companies in the Indian Territory coal industry. In the early 1870s McAlester sold his Oklahoma Mining Company to the Osage Coal and Mining Company, a larger concern that he and several partners had founded. Soon thereafter, the Katy acquired an interest in the firm and by 1888 owned it outright.

Coal Mining in Kentucky - usgenwebsites.org

The Kentucky Encyclopedia ... with the organization of the Providence Coal Mining Company. The Louisville & Nashville Railroad (CSX Transportation) and the Illinois Central Railroad (now the Tradewater Railway) established lines in the county to transport coal. Surface mining is an important local industry.

coal mining | Colorado Encyclopedia

The Colorado Fuel and Iron Company (CF&I) was a coal and steel company based in Denver and Pueblo. Most of its coal mines were located in southern Colorado. Its only steel mill was located in Pueblo. The firm came into existence as a result of a merger between the Colorado Coal …

Mining | The Canadian Encyclopedia

 · Industrial demand for coal and iron spurred the expansion of mining and smelting in the late colonial period. Coal mining developed rapidly near Sydney, Cape Breton, and, in the mid-19 th century, major coal deposits were located on Vancouver Island.

History of coal mining in the United States - Wikipedia

The history of coal mining in the United States goes back to the 1300s, when the Hopi Indians used coal. The first use by European people in the United States was in the 1740s, in Virginia. Coal was the dominant power source in the United States in the late 1800s and early 1900s, and remains a significant source of energy.

Coal mining : Wikis (The Full Wiki)

The goal of coal mining is to economically remove coal from the ground. Coal is valued for its energy content, and since the 1880s is widely used to generate electricity. Steel and cement industries use coal as a fuel for extraction of iron from iron ore and for cement production. In the United States, United Kingdom, and South Africa, a coal mine and its structures are a "colliery".

Coal Mining | Encyclopedia of Alabama

Most accounts identify the Alabama Coal Mining Company (ACMC) as the first coal-mining enterprise in that area, but personal records indicate that William Phineas Browne, founder of the Little Cahaba Iron Works, used slave labor to mine coal in the Montevallo area as early as 1849. According to Ethel Armes, historian of Alabama's coal and iron ...

Coal Exploration and Mining Geology - Encyclopedia of …

UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS GEOLOGY – Vol. V – Coal Exploration and Mining Geology - Colin R. Ward ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) • Coal Marketing: the procuring of markets or development of facilities to use the coal that will come from the mine over its working life; • Mine Development: the acquisition, construction and commissioning of the plant

Coal seam - Energy Education

A coal seam is a dark brown or black banded deposit of coal that is visible within layers of rock. These seams are located underground and can be mined using either deep mining or strip mining techniques depending on their proximity to the surface. These seams undergo normal coal formation and serve as a conventional coal resource.The reserves of coal are immense, and are the largest of all of ...

The Company Town - EH.net

The United States Coal Commission surveyed stores in mining districts during 1922. They found that stores in southern West Virginia mining districts of New River and Kanawha had prices that were approximately 9 and 5 percent higher, respectively, than in the nearby city of Charleston. ... "The Company Town". EH.Net Encyclopedia, edited by ...

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